In recent years, institutions and governments around the world have begun to understand the relevance and urgency of measures to ensure a just transition towards an environmentally and socially sustainable society and economy. In 2020, the European Parliament approved the European Green Deal, with its ambitious goals to ensure sustainable growth and environmental protection. Specifically, the European Green Deal requires the EU to:
- reach net-zero greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions by 2050;
- decouple economic growth from resource use;
- leave no person and no place behind.